The Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP) is held every year, in June or July, in Geneva. It is a subsidiary body to the Human Rights Council (HRC) and provides the Council with expertise on indigenous themes; it therefore mainly carries out studies and research projects. It may also submit proposals to the HRC. The mandate of EMRIP has been under revision since 2016.
EMRIP is composed of 7 independent experts, of indigenous origin if possible, who are named for a period of three years, renewable once, with the aim of reflecting the 7 sociocultural indigenous regions defined by the permanent court on the matters of indigenous peoples (Africa, Asia, Central and South America and the Caribbean, the Artic, North America, the Pacific, Eastern Europe, Russia, Central Asia and the Trans Caucasian).
The EMRIP meets once a year for five days. Those who may participate as observers include: Indigenous Peoples' organizations and other non-Indigenous NGOs; States; United Nations mechanisms, specialized agencies and bodies, funds and programmes; intergovernmental organizations, regional organizations and mechanisms in the area of human rights; national human rights agencies and other relevant bodies; academics and experts concerned with indigenous themes; NGOs that have consultative status with the Economic and Social Council.